Louisa Moats Since , state and federal reading initiatives have focused on the problem of reading failure at kindergarten and the primary grades. The focus on early intervention is well-conceived, given the strong evidence that research-based instruction beginning in kindergarten significantly reduces the number of children who experience reading difficulty National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, If children receive instruction in phonological and alphabetic skills and learn to apply that knowledge to decoding words, they are very likely to succeed at reading. Once children fall behind, they seldom catch up, a reason that such states as California, Virginia, and Texas promote early intervention to prevent reading problems. Reading level in 1st grade, moreover, is an astonishingly good predictor of reading achievement into high school Catts et al.
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Summer Reading Club 2019
Reading Is Fundamental | Children’s Literacy Non-Profit
Prayer - 6th Grade Happy birthday to the Catholic Church! Happy birthday to you, who are the body of the Church! We're all familiar with our own birthdays, and we celebrate them because they mark the day of the year in which we entered into this life. But did you know you have a second birthday? Because you are part of the body of the Church, Pentecost is the Church's birthday, and yours as well.
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Older Adults and Technology Use
Process[ edit ] Although speech perception is considered to be an auditory skill, it is intrinsically multimodal, since producing speech requires the speaker to make movements of the lips, teeth and tongue which are often visible in face-to-face communication. Information from the lips and face supports aural comprehension  and most fluent listeners of a language are sensitive to seen speech actions see McGurk effect. The extent to which people make use of seen speech actions varies with the visibility of the speech action and the knowledge and skill of the perceiver. Phonemes and visemes[ edit ] The phoneme is the smallest detectable unit of sound in a language that serves to distinguish words from one another.
Any child through fourth grade who is reading independently may sign up to be a summer reader and receive a log to track reading progress. Readers may complete as many logs as they want throughout the summer to be eligible for prizes. Listeners may also sign up in the library or online and receive a listening log.